The role of microbial biodiversity in the functioning of marine tidal flat sediments

  • Category International, Research Projects

The functioning of marine and coastal ecosystems is partly sustained by the key role played by tidal sand- and mudflats. They contribute to the support and wellbeing of coastal fish and shellfish populations, as well as the protection of coastal inland areas from sea-level rise and storm surges. Natural key elements are a precious tool to minimise or avoid climate calamities and represent an important ecological and economical asset that needs to be further analysed and protected.

The productivity of these ecosystems is largely driven by highly diverse microbial biofilms inhabiting the tidal flat sediments. However, the precise relationship existing between their diversity and functioning is little understood.

The main aim of the project is to study the relationship between microbial biodiversity and important ecosystem functions in tidal flats. The focus will be on functions related to the carbon cycle (photosynthesis by microalgae, mineralisation by bacteria and grazing by animals) and its relations with living organisms by contrasting tidal flat environments (sand vs. silt) in the explicit context of biotic interactions.